Mindfulness and self-examination in Sufism

Raid Al - Daghistani

  1. What is Sufism?When it comes to the question of defining the essence of Sufism, one will notice that there is a difference of opinion not just among contemporary academics, but also among Sufis themselves. The renowned Islamic mystic of 11th century al-Qushayrī (d. 1074) recounts in his Epistle that when people discuss over the meaning of Sufism, each speaks from his own experience.[1] The difference of opinion on Sufism arises therefore not out of a lack of knowledge on the subject in question, but rather out of the nature of Sufism itself, or more precisely, out of variety of its existential and experiential...

Tafakkur and tadthakkur – two techniques of Islamic spirituality

Raid Al - Daghistani

The present paper focuses on two important “initiatic techniques” of Islamic spirituality or Sufism: tafakkur and tadthakkur. Both concepts have multiple meanings. Tafakkur could be translated as “contemplation”, “spiritual reflection”, or “meditation” on God, whereas tadthakkur could be translated as “remembrance” of God, “recollection”, “evocation” or “invocation” (of His most beautiful Names).[1] These two essential spiritual methods of Sufism are also found on the list of so-called “spiritual stations” (maqāmāt), which a Muslim mystic (Sufi) must acquire on his inner spiritual ascent towards...

The Sayings of the ‘Desert Fathers’ and the Quest(ion) of the Self

Borut Škodlar, Jan Ciglenečki

 The Sayings of the “Desert Fathers” and the Quest(ion) of the Self:A General Outline“Desert Fathers” and their spiritual practicesThe following paragraphs are a loose set of ideas for our forthcoming research on the psychological dimensions of the teachings of the “Desert Fathers”. Within the framework of the project “Heritage of the Desert Fathers” we are interested in different mental conditions in relation to various spiritual practices behind the sayings and anecdotes of the “Desert Fathers”. These early Christian ascetics pursued gradual penetration of outer sets of emotions,...

Multiplicity of the Text

Sami Al - Daghistani

Multiplicity of the Text: History of the Arabic language and the humanistic approach of the Qur’anIntroduction Arabic language has had a vibrant history. It has been taken on in many areas in the Hijaz, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and many other places, and the history of Arabic is still explained by various scholars in various ways. Since this paper does not aim to address the history of grammatical features of the Arabic language, but rather the so called “humanistic approach” to the Qur’an through the utilization of the Arabic language as asserted by Nasr Abu Zayd, this paper examines the means of...